Photo-oxidative Stability of a Series of Red Acrylic Paints

Journal: Vol.7, No.3, Summer 2014 - Article 4   Pages :   Until 

Article Code:

Masoud Bagherzadeh Kasiri: Tabriz Islamic Art Univeristy - Faculty of Applied Arts
Ali Nemati Babaylou
Hadi KARIMIFaculty of Applied Arts

Article's abstract:

Photo-oxidative stability of a series of most common red acrylic paints has been investigated. The paints in question were carmine, quinacridone scarlet, alizarin crimson, brilliant red, vermilion and cadmium red hue. Structural changes, discoloration and weight loss of paints film subjected to UV irradiation in an accelerated ageing chamber were measured using FT-IR spectroscopy, colorimetry and gravimetric analysis before and after 400, 800 and 1200 hours of irradiation. The results of FT-IR spectroscopy showed that cadmium, quinacridone scarlet, primary magenta and vermilion involved most structural changes, where the reduction of transmission peak at 2900 cm-1 region symmetric stretching of C-H bond was noteworthy. Colorimetric measurements indicated the reduction in the absorption of visible light due to photo-degradation of the pigment structure. Furthermore, alizarin crimson and brilliant red have undergone more weight loss compared to the others, which was a result of rapid formation of VOCs.

Acrylic paints, Accelerated aging, FT-IR spectroscopy, Colorimetry, Photo-degradation

1. J. L. Williams, The conservation of asian lacquer, asian art museum, Chong-Moon Lee, Center for Asian Art and Culture, 27-39, 2008.#2. M. Lazzari, D. Scalarone, G. Malucelli, O. Chiantore, Durability of acrylic films from commercial aqueous dispersion: Glass transition temperature and tensile behavior as indexes of photooxidative degradation, Prog. Org. Coat., 70(2011), 116-121. #3. O. Chiantore, M. Lazzari, Photo-oxidative stability of paraloid acrylic protective polymers, Polymer, 42(2001), 17-27.#4. H. Zollinger, Color Chemistry, VCH. Inc., New York, 1987, 25-41.#5. S. Cather, The conservation of wall paintings, Proceedings of a symposium organized by the Courtauld Institute of Art and the Getty Conservation Institute, London, (1987), 13-16.#6. R. J. Gettens, G. L. Stout, Painting materials: a short encyclopedia, Dover Publications, 2011, 91-105.#7. J. Stephenson, The materials and techniques of painting, Thames & Hudson, 1993.#8. Z. E. Papliak, K. S. Andrikopoulos, E. A. Varella, Study of the stability of a series of synthetic colorants applied with styrene-acrylic copolymer, widely used in contemporary paintings, concerning the effects of accelerated ageing, J. Cult. Heritage, 11(2010), 381-391. #9. W. Stainley Taft JR, J. W. Mayer, The Science of Paintings, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 2000, 24-25.#10. T. Nabuurs, R. A. Baijards, A. L. German, Alkyd-acrylic hybrid systems for use as binders in waterborne paints, Prog. Org. Coat., 27(1996), 163-172.#11. P. Ropret, R. Zoubek, A. Sever Škapin, P. Bukovec, Effects of ageing on different binders for retouching and on some binder–pigment combinations used for restoration of wall paintings, Mater. Charact., 58(2007), 1148-1159.#12. M. T. Domenech-Carbo, G. Bitossi, L. Osete-Cortina, D. J. Yusa-Marco, Study of ageing of ketone resins used as picture varnishes by pyrolysis–silylation–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 85(2009), 470-479.#13. L. Caballero, K. A. Whitehead, N. S. Allen, J. Verran, Photoinactivation of Escherichia coli on acrylic paint formulations using fluorescent light, Dyes Pigm., 86(2010), 56-62.#14. O. Chiantore, L. Trossarelli, M. Lazzari, Photooxidative degradation of acrylic and methacrylic polymers, Polymer, 41(2000), 1657-1668.#15. J. L. Down, The yellowing of epoxy resin adhesives: report on high-intensity light aging, Studies in Conservation, 31(1986), 159-170.#16. L. Samiee, A. Beitollahi, M. Bahmani, M. M. Akbarnejad, A. Vinu, Effects of ageing conditions and block copolymer concentration on the stability and micellization of P123-Ti4+ sols prepared by the templating method, Res. Chem. Inter., 36(2010), 897-923.#17. V. Pintus, S. Wei, M. Schreiner, UV ageing studies: evaluation of lightfastness declarations of commercial acrylic paints, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 402(2012), 1567-1584.#18. J. L. Down, M. A. MacDonald, J. Tétreault, S. R. Williams, Adhesive testing at the Canadian Conservation Institute–an evaluation of selected poly(vinyl acetate) and acrylic adhesives, Studies in Conservation, 41(1996), 19-44.#19. Y. Shashoua, Inhibiting the deterioration of plasticised poly (Vinyl Chloride) in museum collections, Conservation Science, (2002), 58-64.#20. M. R. Derrick, D. Stulik, J. M. Landry, Infrared Spectroscopy in Conservation Science, J. Paul Getty Trust, 1999, 152-155. #21. B. H. Stuart, Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2007, 122-129.

Article's file
Page view: 4062
Article's download quantity : 453

Article System Login

Prof. Zahra Ranjbar
Dr. Farahnaz Nourmohammadian
Assistant Editor:
Dr. Mozhgan Hosseinnezhad
ISSN (online):
Institute for Color Science and Technology (ICST)

Quick Access
What is your opinion about the manuscript subscription system of PCCC website?
Website Statistics
Page view:4,063
Online Visitors:68