Green Dyeing of Woolen Yarns with weld and Madder natural Dyes in the Presences of Biomordant

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Organic Colorants, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Center of Excellence for Color Science and Technology, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Color Physics, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

4 Tehran University of Art, Department of Carpet, Tehran, Iran


Nowadays, using sustainable dyeing process has become a necessity, but does not meet performance requirements. Application of biomordants was recommended to enhance the quality of dyeing. In order to design a green dyeing process, oak extract as bio-mordants and madder and weld luteola as natural dyes were used. The FTIR-ATR spectra of the washed wool yarn, mordanted wool yarn and mordanted dyed wool yarns confirmed bonding of wool yarns to the green mordant and dyes through a comparing chemical structure. The effective linkage between yarn, mordant and dye molecules removes the C-N peaks in FTIR-ATR spectra. After dyeing process, fastness and colorimetric attributes of dyed wool yarns were investigated. The K/S values of dyed wool yarns with extracted madder and weld luteola was quantified; properties including light, wash, and rubbing fastnesses were defined as per ISO standard methods.


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